Where Was The Sykes Picot Agreement Signed

May 16 will mark the centenary of the agreement, amid the question of whether its borders can survive the region`s current fury. “The system that has been in existence for a hundred years has collapsed,” barham Salih, a former Iraqi deputy prime minister, said at the Sulaimani Forum in Iraqi Kurdistan in March. “We don`t know what new system will take its place.” At a meeting in a railway car in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne on 19 April 1917, a provisional agreement was reached between British and French Prime Ministers David Lloyd George and Alexandre Ribot, as well as Italian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Paolo Boselli and Sidney Sonnino, to settle the Italian interest in the Ottoman Empire, in particular Article 9 of the Treaty of London. [38] The agreement was necessary by the Allies to secure the position of the Italian armed forces in the Middle East. One of Daesh`s stated objectives is to dismantle the agreement. The head of the outfit, Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, called for the decomposed nations of the region to be replaced by a transnational regional power called the “caliphate”. Indeed, it was so secretive that the Arabs themselves were never warned, until the Bolsheviks discovered the act after the fall of the tsar and published in 1917 the text of the agreement which, of course, adds to the infamy. Since then, the Sykes-Picot agreement in the Middle East has become a symbol of imperialism and arbitrary division. While agreements are indeed a great event, the deconstruction of the faith that Sykes-Picot is the turning point in modern Middle Eastern history is a necessary step in revealing and understanding the processes of separation and division. Processes that have not followed for a century.

While the conditions of Hussein`s sharif seemed clear with regard to the Arab territory, which he considered a whole, the Sykes-Picot agreement provided for the division and division of this territory, even if it was ultimately to lead – as mentioned in the text – to the independence of the Arabs. Since the beginning of the 19th century, the Western presence in the Ottoman Empire has increased. A network of influence that manifested itself in the development of missionary schools, cultural societies, the use of foreign languages, especially French, in administrative affairs, but also through colonization: France governed Algeria, where it had implemented a policy of division and domination and where Britain had taken Aden.

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